Juniper berries, including Juniperus phoenicea and Juniperus oxycedrus have been found in ancient Egyptian tombs at multiple sites. J. oxycedrus is not known to grow in Egypt , and neither is Juniperus excelsa , which was found along with J. oxycedrus in the tomb of Tutankhamun .  The berries imported into Egypt may have come from Greece ; the Greeks record using juniper berries as a medicine long before mentioning their use in food.  The Greeks used the berries in many of their Olympics events because of their belief that the berries increased physical stamina in athletes.  The Romans used juniper berries as a cheap domestically produced substitute for the expensive black pepper and long pepper imported from India .  It was also used as an adulterant , as reported in Pliny the Elder 's Natural History : "Pepper is adulterated with juniper berries, which have the property, to a marvellous degree, of assuming the pungency of pepper."  Pliny also incorrectly asserted that black pepper grew on trees that were "very similar in appearance to our junipers".
When an 18-year-old Brazilian kid from Fluminense FC was signed by Real Madrid a decade ago, no one seriously expected Marcelo to one day surpass the achievements of the fullback he'd been hired to replace, compatriot and club legend Roberto Carlos. Yet with tireless verve and excellence down that left flank, always accompanied by a big smile underneath big hair, this now-inspiring figure for Madridistas might have done just that. Understated he might be in Real's flashy world, but he has played a major role in three La Liga and two Champions League wins.
Telmisartan has been used by endurance athletes as an alternative to the banned substances AICAR and GW1516. It is also a relatively safe and non-toxic drug used by athletes in dosages of 80-160 mg/day in divided dosages. The latter two drugs have been banned. Telmisartan has been shown to act by a similar mechanism. Specifically, telmisartan promises to enhance running ability, increase fat burning ability, reduce lactic acid formation and enhance recovery from exercise. However, its actual performance-enhancing effects remain the subject of debate.