The precise mechanism through which fluticasone propionate affects rhinitis symptoms is not known. Corticosteroids have been shown to have a wide range of effects on multiple cell types (., mast cells, eosinophils, neutrophils, macrophages, lymphocytes) and mediators (., histamine, eicosanoids, leukotrienes, cytokines) involved in inflammation. In 7 trials in adults, fluticasone propionate nasal spray has decreased nasal mucosal eosinophils in 66% of patients (35% for placebo) and basophils in 39% of patients (28% for placebo). The direct relationship of these findings to long-term symptom relief is not known.
QNASL Nasal Aerosol is a pressurized, nonaqueous solution in a metered-dose aerosol device intended ONLY for intranasal use. It contains a solution of beclomethasone dipropionate in propellant HFA-134a (1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane) and dehydrated ethanol. QNASL 40 mcg Nasal Aerosol delivers 40 mcg of beclomethasone dipropionate from the nasal actuator and 50 mcg from the valve. QNASL 80 mcg Nasal Aerosol delivers 80 mcg of beclomethasone dipropionate from the nasal actuator and 100 mcg from the valve. Each strength delivers 59 mg of solution from the valve with each actuation. Each canister of QNASL 40 mcg or 80 mcg Nasal Aerosol, contains g of drug and excipients and each provides 120 actuations after priming. Additionally, QNASL 40 mcg Nasal Aerosol contains g of drug and excipients and provides 60 actuations after priming.
Mortuaire, G., de Gabory, L., François, M., Massé, G., Bloch, F., Brion, N., ... Serrano, E. Rebound congestion and rhinitis medicamentosa: Nasal decongestants in clinical practice. (2013, June 1). Critical review of the literature by a medical panel. European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases , 130(3), 137-144. Retrieved from https:///#!/content/playContent/1--S1879729612001378?returnurl=http:%2F%%2Fretrieve%2Fpii%2FS1879729612001378%3Fshowall%3Dtrue&referrer=https:%2F%2F .